The European Court of Human Rights is an international court established in January 1959 by the European Convention on Human Rights
It hears applications alleging that a contracting state has breached one or more of the human rights provisions concerning civil and political rights set out in the Convention and its protocols
An application can be lodged by an individual, a group of individuals or one or more of the other contracting states, and, besides judgments, the Court can also issue advisory opinions.
The Convention was adopted within the context of the Council of Europe and all of its 47 member states are contracting parties to the Convention.
The Court is based in Strasbourg,France