Tamil Nadu is situated on the southeastern side of the Indian peninsula. It is bounded on the east by Bay of Bengal, in the south by the Indian ocean, in the west by the states of Kerala and Karnataka and in the North by the Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.
The Tamilians were said to be of Dravidian origin and they originally resided in the north west. With the advancement of the Indo-Aryans the Dravidians were e pushed south. The Sangam literature is the basis of Tamil History, culture and organisations from the 3rd century AD. The Cholas, the Pallavas, the Pandyas and the Cheras had their influence on Tamil Nadu and established their kingdoms. The Pallavas established their reign at kanchipuram in about the 4th century Ad. They held power over the land of the Tamils from 6th and 9th centuries. At the end of the 9th century the Cholas established themselves and they extended their empire and also established contacts with South East Asia.In the 13th the century the Pandyas dominated. The establishment of the Vijayanagar empire brought the downfall of the Pandyas. This empire ruled till the 16th century preserving and promoting Hindu culture. The Muslim powers influenced this region politically. The Marathas also influenced Madurai and Thanjavur till the advent of the English who wrested power from the French. During the 17th and the 18th centuries, conflicts started between the trading companies of Europe for control of the major parts in the east. The British managed to control this region in the 19th century. This region was under the domain of the East India Company and continued till independence after which the three states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Orissa were formed. The region under the jurisdiction of the Madras Presidency formed into a single unit and named Tamil Nadu in 1969.
The state of TN has an area of 130058 sq. km. and a population of 62.41 million. There are 30 districts, 385 blocks and 16317 villages. The State has population density of 479 per sq. km
Tamil Nadu is 1st in India
- in 8 out of 9 Development Parameters
- in Number of Factories
- in International and Domestic Tourists Arrival
Tamil Nadu is 2nd in India
- in Contribution to India's GDP
- in IT and ITES Exports
Tamil Nadu is 3rd in India
- in FDI Inflows since 2000
- in Exports