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Friday, July 27, 2018

World Hepatitis Day - July 27

The World Hepatitis Day is observed on the 27th of July every year.

 This day aims at bringing the world together to spread awareness about viral Hepatitis and the impact it has on the world.

World Hepatitis Day 2018, WHO follows the theme, "Test. Treat.

.Hepatitis is an inflammatory condition of the liver which usually takes place due to a viral infection. Millions of people across the globe are dealing with hepatitis but only a few are aware of their diagnosis. Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C virus are the leading causes of liver cancer in the world. This disease does not limit itself to a particular age group, race or part of the world; it is a global epidemic which needs to be focused upon

What are the different types of hepatitis?

Hepatitis is of 5 types and the treatment options for it depend on the type of hepatitis you are dealing with. Immunizations and lifestyle precautions can help you prevent this condition in the first place. There are mainly Hepatitis A, B, C, D and E. For all these, a different virus is responsible. Hepatitis A is short-term and acute, while Hepatitis B, C and D are likely to become chronic and ongoing. Hepatitis E is also acute but it can detrimental to the health of pregnant women.

What are the symptoms of hepatitis?

A person ailing from Hepatitis does not usually show many symptoms, especially the ones dealing with chronic forms of Hepatitis like B and C. The symptoms start to show up when the virus has caused significant damage to the liver. However, a patient is likely to show the following symptoms when suffering from hepatitis:
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Abdominal pain
  • Jundice
  • Fever
  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Dark Urine
  • Light-coloured stools

World Health Organisation  aims at achieving the following objectives at a global level:
  • Improving partnerships and funding for viral hepatitis
  • Supporting and scaling up hepatitis treatment, prevention and care services, specially focusing on WHO's treatment and testing recommendations
  • Showcasing the best practices and promoting the universal coverage of hepatitis services

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