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Wednesday, February 29, 2012

Asia Cup

The ACC Asia Cup is an international Men's ODI Cricket Tournament established in 1983 when the Asian Cricket Council was founded as a measure to promote goodwill between Asian Countries and the first tournament was held in 1984 in Sharjah in the UAE here the Council's offices were based(until 1995).
The ICC has ruled that all games played for the Asia Cup have official ODI status.
Asia Cup was originally scheduled to be held every two years.However,in 2008 the ACC have announced that the tournament will be held biennially from 2008 onwards.

Current Champion and the most successful
India is the current champion and the most successful with 5 wins.

 India's Paricipation in Asia Cup
India appeared in every Cup apart from the 1986 (India pulled out due to strained cricketing relations with Sri Lanka), 1993 (when it was cancelled due to strained political relations between India and Pakistan) and 2000 cups.

Asia Cup Results

Host Country
Sri Lanka
Colombo,Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Tournament was cancelled due to strained political relations between India and Pakistan.

Sri Lanka
Colombo,Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka
Colombo,Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Dambulla,Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka

 2012 Asia Cup - Dhaka,Bangladesh March 12-22,2012

India squad: MS Dhoni (capt/wk), Sachin Tendulkar, Virat Kohli, Gautam Gambhir, Rohit Sharma, Suresh Raina, Ravindra Jadeja, Manoj Tiwary, R Ashwin, Praveen Kumar, Vinay Kumar, Rahul Sharma, Yusuf Pathan. Irfan Pathan, Ashok Dinda

2012 Asia Cup Schedule

Match 1 -  on Sunday March 11,2012 at Shere Bangla National Stadium, Mirpur

Pakistan Scored 262/8 in 50 Overs
Top Scorers for Pakistan
Mohammad Hafeez              89
Nasir Jamshed                      54
Umar Gul                             39
Wickets Takers for Bangladesh
Shahadat Hossain                3-53
Shakib Al Hasan                  2-41

Mashrafe Mortaza                1-55

Abdur Razzak                       1-43
Bangladesh Scored 241/10 in 48.1 Overs
Top Scorers for Bangladesh
Tamim Iqbal                               64
Shakib Al Hasan                        64
Nasir Hossain                             47
Wickets Takers for Pakistan
Mohammad Hafeez                  2-40
Umar Gul                                 3-58
Saeed Ajmal                             2-45

Aizaz Cheema                           1-47

Pakistan beats Bangladesh by 21 Runs

Match 2 -  on Tuesday March 13,2012 at Shere Bangla National Stadium, Mirpur

 India Scored 304/3 in 50 Overs
Top Scorers for India
Gautam Gambhir        100(10th ODI Century)

Virat Kohli                 108(10th ODI Century)

M S Dhoni                   46 Not Out
Suresh Raina                30 Not Out
Wicket Takers for Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka Scored 254/10 in 45.1 Overs 
Top Scorers for Sri Lanka

Mahela Jayawardena  78

Kumar Sangakkara     65
Lahiru Thirimanne        29
Top Wicket Takers for India
Irfan Pathan                4-32
Vinay Kumar              3-55
Ravichandran Ashwin  3-39

India beats Sri Lanka by 50 Runs

Man of the match - Virat Kohli
 Virat Kohli (108 off 120 balls) has recorded his tenth hundred in ODIs - his 3rd  against Sri Lanka.
Kohli became the 9th Indian player to make 1,000 runs or more against Sri Lanka in ODIs - 1090 at 51.90 in 25 ODIs.
He has joined Sachin Tendulkar (3113), Mahendra Singh Dhoni (1906), Mohammad Azharuddin (1834), Rahul Dravid (1662), Virender Sehwag (1551), Sourav Ganguly (1534), Gautam Gambhir (1410) and Yuvraj Singh (1393).
Kohli became the first Indian batsman to hit back to back centuries twice in ODIs -
1)118 vs Australia at Visakhapatnam on October 20, 2010 & 105 vs New Zealand at Guwahati on November 28, 2010
2)133 not out at Hobart on February 28, 2012 and 108 at Mirpur, Dhaka on March 13, 2012 - both against Sri Lanka

Gautam Gambhir's Century is his 10th  in ODIs - his 5th against Sri Lanka.

Gautam Gambhir and Virat Kohli were associated in a partnership of 205 for the second wicket - India's highest stand for any wicket in the Asia Cup(previous best - 98 for the second wicket between Suresh Raina and Virender Sehwag against Pakistan at Karachi on June 26, 2008)

Match 3 -  on Thursday March 15,2012 at Shere Bangla National Stadium, Mirpur

Sri Lanka scored 188/10 Runs in 45.4 Overs
Top Scorers for Sri Lanka
Sangakkara  71
Tharanga       57
Wicket Takers for Pakistan
Aizaz Cheema        4-43
Saeed Ajmal          3-27
Umar Gul               2-20
Hammad Azam      1-21

Pakistan Scored 189/4 in 39.5 Overs
Top Scorers for Pakistan
Misabh-ul-Haq             72 Not Out
Umar Akmal                 77

Wicket Takers for Sri Lanka
Lakmal                 2-37
Prasanna              1-49
Maharoof             1-23

Misabh-ul-Haq and Umar Akmal  made 152 Runs for the 4th wicket

Pakistan won the match by 6 wickets
Man of the Match - Aziz Cheema

Match 4-  on Thursday March 16,2012 at Shere Bangla National Stadium, Mirpur

India Scored 289/5 in 50 Overs
Top Scorers for India
Sachin Tendulkar 114(his 100th Intl Ton)
Virat Kohli             66
Suresh Raina         51
M S Dhoni             21 Not Out
Wicket Takers for Bangladesh

Mashrafe Mortaza


 Shafiul Islam                  1-24
Abbdur Razzak              1-41
Bangladesh Scored  293/5 in 49.2 Overs
Top Scorers for Bangladesh
Tamim Iqbal                 70
Jahurul Islam                53
Nasir Hossain              54
Shakib Al Hasan          49
Mushfiqur Rahim (C)         46 Not Out
Wicket Takers for India
Praveen Kumar     3-56
Aswin                   1-56
Jadeja                   1-32
Bangladesh won the Match by 5 wickets

Man of the Match - Shakib Al Hasan 

Match 5-  on Sunday March 18,2012 at Shere Bangla National Stadium, Mirpur

 Pakistan Scored 329/6 in 50 Overs
Top Scorers for Pakistan
Mohammad Hafeez (105, 113b, 9x4, 1x6)
Nasir Jamshed (112, 104b, 10x4, 1x6)
Younis Khan 52
The openers steadily built their 224-run partnership, the second highest by a Pakistani pair against India in ODIs. The best being the 230-run third-wicket partnership between Saeed Anwar and Ijaz Ahmed in 1998.
Wicket Takers for India
PraveenKUmar 2-77
Ashok Dinda    2-47
Aswin                1-56
India Scored 330/4 in 47.5 Overs
Sachin Tendulkar 52 (48b, 5x4, 1x6)
Virat Kohli            183(148b, 22x4, 1x6) - 11th ODI Ton
Rohit Sharma         58(83b, 5x4, 1x6)
Wicket Takers for Pakistan
Hafeez         1-42
Umar Gul    2-65
Ajmal          1-49

 India won the Match by 6 Wickets

Man of the Match - Virat Kohli

Kohli's 183 (148b, 22x4, 1x6) and his partnerships -
 with Sachin Tendulkar 133-run second-wicket partnership and
with Rohit Sharma 172-run third-wicket partnership
proved to be the cornerstone of India's resurgent 6 -wicket victory over Pakistan

Match 6-  on Tuesday March 20,2012 at Shere Bangla National Stadium, Mirpur

Sri LanksaScored 232/10 in 49.5 Overs
Top Scorers for Sri Lanka
Kapugedera                    62
Thirimanne                      48
Tharanga                        48
Wicket Takers for Bangladesh
Nazmul Hossain                3-32
Abdur Razzak                   2-44
Skaib Al Hasan                 2-56
Mashrafe Mortaza             1-30
Shahadat Hossain               1-51
Bangladesh Scored 212/5 in 37.1 Overs(Target 212 in 40 Overs under D/L Method)
Top Scorers  for Bangladesh
Tamim Iqbal          59
Shakib Al Hasan   56
Nasir Hossain       36 Not Out
Mahmuddalah       32 Not Out
Wicket Takers for Sri Lanka
Kulasekara   2-30
Senanayake  2-38
Lakmal         1-44
Bangladesh beat Sri Lanka by 5 Wickets
Man of the Match - Shakib Al Hasan

Match 7-  on Thursday March 22,2012 at Shere Bangla National Stadium, Mirpur

Pakistan Scored 236/9 in 50 Overs
Top Scorers for Pakistan
Md Hafeez                  40

Umar Akmal                30
Hammad Azam            30
Shahid Afridi               32

Sarfraz Ahmed           46 Not Out

Wicket Takers for Bangladesh
Mashrafe Mortaza             2-48
Abdur Razzak                     2-26
Shakib Al Hasan                2-39
Nazmul Hossain                 1-36
Mahmuddalah                    1-14
Bangladesh Scored 234/8 in 50 Overs(Target 237)
Top Scorers for Bangladesh
Tamim Iqbal                        60

Nasir Hossain                     28
Shakib Al Hasan                 68

Pakistan Beat Bangladesh by 2 Runs

Man of the Match - Shahid Afridi
Man of the Series - Shakib Al Hasan

Director Vasanthabalan's ''Aravaan''

The Tamil film 'Aravaan' is a period flick based on the novelist  Su Venkatesan's Novel 'Kaaval Kottam' (a novel depicting the history of Madurai during 1310-1910)
'Aravaan' is set in the backdrop of the historical city of Madurai where the actors will be seen flaunting a dialect unknown for today's Madurai. The exact detailing of costumes is also taken care of.
The crew of 'Aravaan' created two villages to suit the script. In Ovvamalai, near Melur, a settlement of 100 houses was created, while another set was erected at Kongaimalai, near Tenkasi.

Cast - Aadhi(Varipuli), Pasupathi(Kombodhi),Dhansikaa(Vadapechi), Archana Kavi(Chimitti),Kabir Bedi and Bharat, Anjali and Shweta Menon giving special appearance


Directed by - Vasanthabalan
Produced by - T Siva of Amma Creations
Music Director - Singer Karthik

'Aravaan' is Director Vasanthabalan's 4th film(after Album, Veyil, and Angaadi Theru)
Archana Kavi (who debuted in the 2009 Malayalam Film '' Neelathaamara '')play an Adivasi girl called Chimpti in the film.

Vasanthabalan has added his own flavour to the story that is set in 18th century Madras Presidency, as Tamil Nadu was then called.'Aravaan' talks about ordinary people and their lives. It revolves around a few villages and communities, including the one which thrives on looting.
The story begins with a set of people led by Komboodhi (Pasupathy) set to steal some jewels from a rich family. The group belongs to Vembur village, known for stealing. During the course of one such heist by his gang, Komboodhi finds Varipuli (Aadhi), a lone robber, whose whereabouts are suspicious. Fascinated by Varipuli's courage and amazing talents, Komboodhi adds him into his team.
Varipuli claims that he is an orphan and wins over the hearts of the Vembur inhabitants with his brave and good deeds. He once saves the life of Komboodhi, who gets some clue about Varipuli in the process.
Varipuli is hunted by a group of people belonging to a village called Mathur and it is Komboodhi's turn to save him. Before we get to know if he could save Varipuli from the clutches of death, we get to see a flashback that reveals Varipuli's past. His original name is Chnna and he is belonged to Chinna Veerampatti village, known for brave young men engaged in guarding the people from all kinds of dangers.
The village is at loggerheads with neighbouring Mathur.
An unfortunate incident in the village pits both villages against each other.
Circumstantial evidence makes Chinna Veerampatti culprits, though they have no connection with the incident. Both villages set for a bloody clash but an intervention by the local king finds a compromise. He says that a young man from Chinna Veerampatti village should be sacrificed in the temple to bring peace.
Chinna, like Aravaan in Mahabharat, is ready to accept the verdict to avoid blood bath. But turn of events saves his life however, people of Mathur are hunting for him with more vengeance. It is here Komboodhi tries to save him.
Aadhi enjoys the challenge of featuring in a period film. As the brave Varipuli, he proves his mettle. He has justified the confidence the director has placed on his acting prowess.
Seasoned Pasupathy gets into the skin of the character. His body language, expression, and voice are just amazing

Aravaan Film Launch - July 16,2010

The film is scheduled to be released on March 2,2012


''Aravaan'' Music Launch - Oct 5,2011

The Music release function was held at the Anna Centenary Library at Kotturpuram in Chennai, with A R Rahman and Mani Ratnam launching the album


Egypt and Egyptian News

Country Profile
Egypt,officially the Arab Republic of Egypt is a country mainly in North Africa with the Sinai Peninsula forming a landbridge in Southwest Asia.Egypt is thus a Transcontinental country and a major power in the Mediterranean Basin,the Middle East and the Muslim World.
Egypt is one of the most populous countries in Africa and the Middle East.
Egypt is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Gaza Strip and Israel  to the northeast, the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south and Libya  to the west.

Egypt is divided into 27 Governorates which are further divided into Regions
Capital                                     Cairo
Currency                                  Egyptian Pound
Official Language                      Arabic
Population                                85 Million(2011 Estimate)
Flag of Egypt


Politics and Government
The Govt of Egypt as of January 2012, is a Republic currently under Military Rule of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces headed by Field Marshall Mohamed Hussein Tantawi ( after the Egyptian President Hosni
Mubarak stepped down following Egyptian Revolution which started in Jan 2011and mass protest compelled Hosni Mubarak to resign on Feb 2011)which dissolved the Egyptian Parliament,suspended the Egyptian Constitution and promised free, open Presidential and Parliamentary Elections.

President of Egypt
Mohamed Morsi Isa al-Ayyat is the 5th and current President of Egypt in office from June 30,2012 after winning the Presidential Election held on May 23-24 and RuOff June 16-17,2012  by securing -

Candidates                                Political Party                   First Round               Second Round
Mohamed Morsi                         Freedom & Justice               25% votes                   52% votes
Ahmed Shafik                             Independent                         24% votes                   48% votes
Hamdeen Sabahi                         Dignity Party                        21% votes
Abdel Moneim Aboul Fotouh      Independent                         17% votes
Amr Moussa                               Independent                         11% votes 

Mohamed Morsi was sworn as Egyptian President on Saturday June 30,2012 and he becomes Egypt's 1st Democratically Elected President

Prime Minister of Egypt

Kamal Ganzouri is the current Prime Minister of Egypt in office from Dec 07,2011 appointed by theEgyptian Military Council(Supreme Council of the Armed Forces)He previously served as PM from 1996 to 1999 and was Minister of Planning and International Cooperation before becoming PM.

Essam Abdel-Aziz Sharaf was the PM of Egypt during March 02,2011 to Dec 07,2011.He was asked by the Military Council to form a Govt following the resignation of Ahmed Shafik.

Ahmed Mohamed Shafik Zaki was the PM of Egypt during Jan  31,2011 to March 03,2011, a period of 33 days.He was appointed as PM by President Hosni Mubarak in response to the 2011 Egyptian Revolution, making him the last PM to serve as part of President Hosni Mubarak's administration.Ahmed Shafik resigned one day after a contentious talk show confrontation in which he was accused by a prominent Egyptian Novelist Alaa Al Aswany  of being a Hosni Mubarak Regime holdover.

Ahmed Nazif  was the PM of Egypt during July 14,2004 to Jan 29, 2011.Also Ahmed Nazif was Acting President of Egypt from March 05,2010 to April 15,2010, when President Hosni Mubarak delegated his authorities to Ahmed Nazif while undergoing surgery in Germany.Following the 2011Egyptian Revolution, President Mubarak announced in his first appearance since the protests began that he had asked Ahmed Nazif and his Govt to resign.Ahmed Shafik who had been Minister of Civil Aviation, was appointed to replace Ahmed Nazif as Prime Minister on  Jan 29, 2011.


Parliament of Egypt
The Parliament of Egypt is Bicameral -
People's Assembly(Lower House)has 508 members,of which 498 to be elected directly by universal suffrage and 10 to be appointed by the President
Shura Council(Upper House)has 270 Members,of which 180 to be elected and 90 appointed by President

Parliament was dissolved on Feb 11, 2011, following the overthrow of President Hosni Mubarak in the 2011 Egyptian Revolution and elections to the Lower House(People's Assembly)took place from Nov 28,2011 to Jan 11, 2012, followed by elections to the Upper House(Shura Council)

People's Assembly(Lower House) Election Results -
The Democratic Alliance led by Freedom and Justice Party secured 37.5% Votes and got 235 seats
Islamists Bloc led by Al Nour Party secured 27.8% Votes and got123 seats
New Wafd Party secured 9.2% Votes and got 38 seats
Egyptian Bloc secured 8.9% Votes and got 35 seats
Al Wasat secured 3.7% Votes and got 10 seats
Revolution Continues Alliance secured 2.8% Votes and got 9 seats

Shura CouncilUpper House) Election Results -   
The Democratic Alliance led by Freedom and Justice Party secured 58.3% Votes and got 105 seats
Islamists Bloc led by Al Nour Party secured 25% Votes and got 45 seats
New Wafd Party secured 7.78% Votes and got14 seats
Egyptian Bloc secured 4.44% Votes and got 8 seats

Timeline - Egyptian Revolution

January 2011
Activists in Egypt call for an uprising in their own country, to protest against poverty, unemployment, government corruption and the rule of president Hosni Mubarak, who has been in power for 3 decades.
Tahrir Square in Central Cairo became the focal point of the protests and protestors gather at the Tahrir Square and thousands of protesters remain in Cairo's Tahrir Square.

Egyptians take to the streets in large numbers.Thousands march in downtown Cairo, heading towards the offices of the ruling National Democratic Party, as well as the foreign ministry and the state television. Similar protests are reported in other towns across the country.Protests break out in the Mediterranean city of Alexandria, the Nile Delta cities of Mansura and Tanta and in the southern cities of Aswan and Assiut.
Hours after the countrywide protests begin, the interior ministry issues a statement blaming the Muslim Brotherhood, Egypt's technically banned but largest opposition party, for fomenting the unrest.
Mohamed ElBaradei, the former head of the UN nuclear watchdog turned democracy advocate, arrives in Egypt to join the protests and  became a major figure of the opposition, with all major opposition groups supporting his role as a negotiator for some form of transitional unity government.

Protest organisers heavily relied on social media outlets such as Facebook and Twitter.


Protests continue across several cities. Hundreds have been arrested, but the protesters say they will not give up until their demand is met.
Facebook, Twitter and Blackberry Messenger services are disrupted.Internet and mobile phone text message users in Egypt report major disruption to services.
Mubarak announces that he has sacked the cabinet, but he himself refuses to step down. His whereabouts are unknown.Mubarak appoints a vice-president(Omar Suleiman, the country's former spy chief) for the first time during his three decades in power.
Egypt's new vice-president promises dialogue with opposition parties in order to push through constitutional reforms
Protesters continue to defy the military-imposed curfew. About 250,000 people gather in Cairo's Tahrir Square and hundreds march through Alexandria.
Mubarak names his new cabinet on state television.President Mubarak tells his New PM Ahmad Shafiq, to keep government subsidies and cut prices.

February 2011
Hosni Mubarak announces in a televised address that he will not run for re-election but refuses to step down from office.
Clashes break out between pro-Mubarak and anti-government protesters in the Mediterranean city of Alexandria.
Khalid Abdel Nasser, son of the former Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser, joins the protest in Tahrir Square.
Bursts of heavy gunfire early aimed at anti-government demonstrators in Tahrir [Liberation] Square, leave at least five people dead and several more wounded.
Hundreds of thousands of anti-government protesters gather in Cairo's Tahrir Square for what they have termed the "Day of Departure".Chants urging Hosni Mubarak to leave reverberate across the square.
The leadership of Egypt's ruling National Democratic Party resigns, including Gamal Mubarak, the son of Hosni Mubarak. The new secretary-general of the party is Hossam Badrawi, seen as a member of the liberal wing of the party.
A symbolic funeral procession is held for journalist Ahmed Mahmoud, shot as he filmed the clashes between protesters and riot police from his Cairo office.
Labour unions join protesters in the street, with some of them calling for Mubarak to step down while others simply call for better pay. Masssive strikes start rolling throughout the country.
Human Rights Watch says that 302 people have been killed since the start of Egypt's pro-democracy uprising.
The newly appointed Culture Minister, Gaber Asfour, quits.  His family says it's due to health reasons but Egypt's main daily newspaper al-Ahram says Asfour, who is also a writer, was criticised by his literary colleagues for taking the post.
The criminal court in Egypt has endorsed the decision of banning three former ministers from leaving the country and the government has also frozen their assets.
Mubarak gives a televised speech which he says is "from the heart". He repeats his promise to not run in the next presidential elections and to "continue to shoulder" his responsibilties in the "peaceful transition" that he says will take place in September 2011.Protesters in Tahrir Square react with fury when Mubarak says he's remaining in power until September. Protesters wave their shoes in the air, and demand the army join them in revolt.

Vice President Omar Suleiman announced that Mubarak would be stepping down as president and turning power over to the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces on Feb 11,2011.

Protesters descended on the state television building in Cairo and the presidential palace in Heliopolis


People celebrate in Tahrir Square until early morning. Pro-democracy protesters start to clean the square.

The country's new military rulers promise to hand power to an elected, civilian government and pledged that Egypt will remain committed to all International Treaties.
State television says travel bans are being imposed on several of the country's former ministers, including the former PM Ahmed Nazif, who was sacked by Mubarak before he stepped down.
Soldiers try to remove the remaining protesters in Tahrir Square and their tents are dismantled. Traffic flows through the square for the first time since the protests began - Feb 13,2011


The military junta, headed by effective head of state Mohamed Hussein Tantaw iannounced that the constitution would be suspended, both houses of parliament dissolved, and that the military would rule for six months until elections could be held.The prior cabinet, including Prime Minister Ahmed Shafik  would continue to serve as a caretaker government until a new one is formed - February 13,2011

March 2011
Prime Minister Ahmed Shafik resigned  and was replaced by Essam Sharaf , the former transport minister - March 3,2011


Protesters raided 'State Security Intelligence(SSI) buildings(including the headquarters for Alexandria Governorate and the main national headquarters in Nasr City) to secure documents they believed to show various crimes committed by the SSI against the people of Egypt during Mubarak's rule. From the Nasr City headquarters, protesters acquired evidence of mass aueveillance and vote rigging
A constitutional referendum was held in Egypt  on 19 March 2011. More than 14 million (77%) were in favour, while around 4 million (23%) opposed the changes
The Egyptian Cabinet orders a law criminalising protests and strikes that hampers work at private or public establishments. Under the new law, anyone organising or calling for such protests will be sentenced to jail and/or a fine of LE500,000 (~100,000 USD) - March 23,2011

April 2011
Protesters head to Tahrir Square for the rally to "save the revolution" - April 1,2011
Hundreds of thousands of demonstrators again filled Tahrir Square, criticizing the ruling Supreme Council of the Armed Forces for not following through on revolutionary demands; demanding the resignation of remaining regime figures and the removal of Egypt’s public prosecutor due to the slow pace of investigations of corrupt former officials. - April 8,2011

May 2011
Tens of thousands of demonstrators filled Tahrir Square in the largest demonstrations since ousting Mubarak's Regimedemanding - No Military Trials for Civilians, the Egyptian Constitution to be made before the Parliament Elections and for all the old regime gang and those who killed protestors in January and February to be put on fair Trial.

 Hosni Mubarak was ordered to stand trial on charges of premeditated murder of peaceful protestors during the 2011 Egyptian revolution and, if convicted, could face the death penalty May 24,2011

July 2011
Tens of thousands of protesters gathered in Suez, Alexandria and Tahrir Square in Cairo, to voice frustration with the ruling Supreme Council of the Armed Forces for what they called the slow pace of change five months after the revolution.- July 1,2011
Hundreds of thousands of protesters gathered in Suez, Alexandria and Tahrir Square in Cairo demanding
immediate reforms and swifter prosecution of former officials from the ousted government - July 8,2011
Thousands of gathered in several cities across Egypt  to press the country’s military rulers to deliver on its promise of reforms and speed up the trials of former officials - July15,2011

September 2011
Protesters storm the Israeli embassy dumped documents out of the windows as hundreds more demonstrated outside, prompting the ambassador and his family to leave the country - Sep 10,2011


Egypt’s ruling military council dispatched a commando team to extract Israeli security personnel within the embassy, while civil security forces worked to disperse crowds gathered around the embassy compound.  Israeli citizens and Embassy staff were later evacuated to Israel shortly thereafter.
Egypt’s ruling military council declared a state of emergency to restore order after the incident.

Omar Suleiman(who was Mubarak's longtime intelligence chief and was named vice president during the last weeks of his rule, is the first in a string of members of the ousted leader's senior leadership to appear in the court) testified on Tuesday at the ousted leader's trial under a complete media blackout, facing questions over whether his former boss ordered the use of lethal force against protesters - Sep 13 ,2011

An Egyptian court on Wednesday convicted former information minister Anas al-Fiqqi of corruption and sentenced him to seven years in prison.  Sep 28,2011

October 2011
The leader of Egypt's ruling generals Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi said on Wednesday the army has no interest in staying in power for a long time, but insisted the military council won't step down until it has 'fulfilled its commitments' Oct 5,2011

 Mohammed Hussein Tantawi heads the military council which has been exercising power on an interim basis since President Hosni Mubarak stepped down in response to a popular uprising in February 2011.

Power transfer plan

  • November 2011 - January 2012 - Parliamentary elections (won by Muslim Brotherhood and other Islamist parties)
  • Mid 2012 - Presidential elections
  • Parliament to pick constituent assembly to write new constitution.
  • Parliament to have legislative powers.
  • Military council to retain ''presidential powers'' until presidential elections in June 2012.
  • Military council to appoint government.

A timetable put forward by the military council would hold presidential elections near the end of 2012, meaning the generals would be in power for nearly two years before they step down, rather than the six months they had initially set as a deadline when they took over from Mubarak.

6 presidential candidates called on the generals to hold presidential elections by the end of April to speed up the transfer of power.

Riots erupted in Cairo as Christians protesting a recent attack on a church came under assault by thugs who rained stones down on them and fired pellets.Christians, who make up about 10 per cent of Egypt's 80 million people, blame the country's ruling military council for being too lenient on those behind a spate of anti-Christian attacks since Mubarak's ouster.

 Abdel-Fattah(prominent Egyptian blogger) was accused of inciting violence and other offenses during clashes that killed 27 people Oct. 9,2011 but he was never formally charged. He was arrested Oct. 30,2011

November 2011

About 50,000  protesters flocked to Cairo's Tahrir Square on Friday Nov 18,2011 to press Egypt's military rulers to transfer power to elected civilians after the cabinet launched a move to exempt the army from parliamentary oversight.


Hundreds of protesters fought back, hurling stones and setting an armoured police vehicle ablaze.
Egyptian riot police firing tear gas and rubber bullets stormed into Cairo's Tahrir Square today to dismantle a protest tent camp, setting off clashes that injured at least 676 people and raising tensions days before the first elections since Hosni Mubarak was ousted - Nov 19,2011

Egyptian riot police have clashed for a second day (Nov 20,2011) with rock-throwing protesters demanding that the ruling military quickly announce a date to hand over power to an elected government 

Egyptian soldiers and police set fire to tents in the middle of Cairo's Tahrir Square and fired tear gas and rubber bullets in a major assault to drive out thousands of protesters following two days of clashes 








Egyptian police use force to clear Tahrir Square - Nov 20,2011

The violence raised fears of new unrest surrounding the parliamentary elections that are due to begin on Monday Nov 28,2011

New PM for Egypt to Replace Essam Sharaf
Egypt's Ruling Military Council asked former PMr Kamal Ganzouri(headed a cabinet from 1996 to 1999) to form a new government on Thursday Nov 24,2011 after protesters demanded the army sack the previous cabinet
Many Egyptians viewed him as an official who was not tainted by corruption, but his record serving under Mubarak could stir opposition from those demanding a clean break with the past.

 Thousands Rally in Egypt ''on last chance friday''
Thousands of Egyptians demanding an end to military rule converged on Cairo's Tahrir square on Friday Nov 25,2011
Egyptian state television on Friday Nov 25,2011 says the Nation's Ruling Military has asked a Mubarak-era prime minister to head the next government - Kamal el-Ganzouri, 78, served as prime minister in the 1990s under President Hosni Mubarak to replace Essam Sharaf, who resigned this week.
The appointment is likely to anger the protestors.

Egypt Parliamentary Elections

Egyptians go to the polls on Monday Nov 28,2011 to cast their votes for a new parliament after the end of the 30-year rule of Hosni Mubarak in Feb 2011.

The Parliament Elections are to be held in 3 stages - Nov28,2011;Dec14,2011 and Jan 3,2012 for the 498 seat  People's Assembly,Lower House of the parliament.
Elections to 270-strong Shura Council (upper house) is to take between Jan 29,2012-March11,2012 
About 50 million people are eligible to vote out of a population in excess of 85 million - with candidates from 50 registered political parties. Forty party lists and blocs composed of multiple parties are standing, including at least three parties established by former ruling National Democratic Party members whom the democracy movement has tried and failed to exclude.

Egyptians are voting under rules set by the military. They are choosing 498 members of the lower house from among 6,700 candidates; 332 seats will be selected from party lists according to proportional representation, while 166 seats will be allocated to independents under a first-past-the-post system

Big turnout in Egypt post-Mubarak Election

 Ever since an 18-day uprising toppled Mubarak's regime and brought the military to power, Egypt has gone through violence, splits in society, a worsening economy and a surge in street crime. Still, people were eager to cast a free vote, even though much is unclear about what will happen next, whatever the outcome.Even before polls opened at 8 a.m voters stood in lines stretching several hundred yards, suggesting a respectable turnout.They waited in long lines for hours to vote.

Egyptian voters turned out in big numbers on a mostly peaceful first day of voting today, driven by optimism to build a new era and the threat of fines if they stayed at home .Authorities report unexpectedly high turnout reaching an estimated 70 to 80 per cent over the two days of voting.Polling stations have been ordered to open for two more hours to cope with a higher than expected turnout in the country's first elections since the fall of Hosni Mubarak.






 5 of the 10 Egyptian provinces have voted in the first round of the election. The country’s supreme election commission counts 17.5 million voters in those territories, with the total throughout Egypt number reaching more than 50 million.

 Egyptians gather outside a polling site to vote in the parliamentary elections in Cairo

 Voters line up outside a polling center beneath campaign posters on the first day of parliamentary elections in Cairo


Women take cover from the rain under umbrellas as they queue outside a polling station in Alexandria


A woman shows her identification card as she waits to vote at a polling station in the town of Ibshawai


An Egyptian man votes at a polling center in Shubra

Egyptians vote in a polling station in Assuit, 320 kilometers (200 miles) south of Cairo

 A man casts his vote at a polling station in Cairo

 An elderly Egyptian man shows his ink-stained thumb after casting his vote at a polling station in the Manial neighbourhood


The Freedom and Justice Party, set up by Egypt’s once- banned Muslim Brotherhood, is expected to emerge as one of the largest blocs in the parliament.

December 2011 

Alaa Abdel-Fattah Freed after two months detention


Egyptian prominent blogger Alaa Abdel Fattah hugs his recently born son, Khaled, after after he was released in Cairo, Egypt, Sunday, Dec. 25, 2011. An Egyptian court ordered the release of Alaa after detained nearly two months ago by the ruling military for his alleged role in deadly sectarian clashes in October 2011.

Egypt Parliamentary Elections

Egypt's complicated vote

  • Three separate polls stretched over months
  • Elections to 498-member People's Assembly (lower house) - 28 Nov-10 Jan 2012
  • Elections to 270-strong Shura Council (upper house) - 19 Jan -22 Feb 2012
  • Presidential elections due mid-2012
  • Two-thirds of members for both houses elected by PR
  • One-third chosen by first-past-the-post system
  • Provinces divided into three groups, voting on different dates
  • More than 40 political parties compete, fielding more than 10,000 candidates

The Parliament Elections are to be held in 3 stages -
Dec14,2011 and
Jan 3,2012
for the 498 seat  People's Assembly,Lower House of the parliament and 2 days given to voting in each round.Under the highly complex system being used, voters were required to pass 3 votes- 2 for individual candidates and 1 for a party.
The parliamentary elections vote being staged over 6 weeks is Egypt's1st free polls after a series of rigged elections under Hosni Mubarak, who after almost 30 years in power was driven from office by a popular uprising in February 2011.
Elections to 270-strong Shura Council (upper house) is to take place between Jan 29,2012-March11,2012 
About 50 million people are eligible to vote out of a population in excess of 85 million - with candidates from 50 registered political parties. Forty party lists and blocs composed of multiple parties are standing, including at least three parties established by former ruling National Democratic Party members whom the democracy movement has tried and failed to exclude.

Egyptians are voting under rules set by the military. They are choosing 498 members of the lower house from among 6,700 candidates; 332 seats will be selected from party lists according to proportional representation, while 166 seats will be allocated to independents under a first-past-the-post system

Abdel Moez Ibrahim, Head of the Egyptian Election Commission

 Turnout in the opening phase of Egypt's 1st post-revolution election was 62 percent, the highest in the country's history, Election Commission Head Abdel Moez Ibrahim announced.

Egyptians go to the 1st phase of polls on Monday Nov 28,2011 to cast their votes for a new parliament after the end of the 30-year rule of Hosni Mubarak in Feb 2011.

Big Turnout in Egypt Post-Mubarak Election

 Ever since an 18-day uprising toppled Mubarak's regime and brought the military to power, Egypt has gone through violence, splits in society, a worsening economy and a surge in street crime. Still, people were eager to cast a free vote, even though much is unclear about what will happen next, whatever the outcome.Even before polls opened at 8 a.m voters stood in lines stretching several hundred yards, suggesting a respectable turnout.They waited in long lines for hours to vote.

Egyptian voters turned out in big numbers on a mostly peaceful first day of voting today, driven by optimism to build a new era and the threat of fines if they stayed at home .Authorities report unexpectedly high turnout reaching an estimated 70 to 80 per cent over the two days of voting.Polling stations have been ordered to open for two more hours to cope with a higher than expected turnout in the country's first elections since the fall of Hosni Mubarak.






 5 of the 10 Egyptian provinces have voted in the first round of the election. The country’s supreme election commission counts 17.5 million voters in those territories, with the total throughout Egypt number reaching more than 50 million.

 Egyptians gather outside a polling site to vote in the parliamentary elections in Cairo

 Voters line up outside a polling center beneath campaign posters on the first day of parliamentary elections in Cairo


Women take cover from the rain under umbrellas as they queue outside a polling station in Alexandria


A woman shows her identification card as she waits to vote at a polling station in the town of Ibshawai


An Egyptian man votes at a polling center in Shubra

Egyptians vote in a polling station in Assuit, 320 kilometers (200 miles) south of Cairo

 A man casts his vote at a polling station in Cairo


 An elderly Egyptian man shows his ink-stained thumb after casting his vote at a polling station in the Manial neighbourhood


Egypt Election Results Delayed

 The elections results are expected to be announced on Thursday December01,2011.The Egyptian electoral commission blamed the delay on the high number of votes cast. State TV said they would be released on Friday. The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces said they would now be revealed on Friday or Saturday.

Egyptian election officials count ballots for the first round of elections in Cairo

Islamists Dominate Egypt Election Results


Mohammed Morsi, President of the Islamist, Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) 

Dec 4,2011 Sunday's results only reflect the performance of the parties for only one-third of the 498 seats


Parties Position in the 1st phase of parliamentary elections

Islamist parties took more than 60% of the vote in the first round of Egypt's parliamentary polls, according to partial results provided by the High Election Commission.Islamist-led party lists secured about 2/3rd of votes in the 1st round of the election.The biggest single bloc went to the alliance led by the Muslim Brotherhood's Freedom and Justice Party that won about 37 % of the vote, with the hardline Salafi al-Nour Party listing coming a surprise second with 24%.

The liberal Egyptian Bloc and another liberal party, Wafd, together secured about 20 % of votes for their lists.

The Freedom and Justice Party, the political arm of the Muslim Brotherhood, garnered 36.6% of the 9,734,413 ballots cast for the party lists, while the conservative Nour Party captured 24.4%.

The liberal Egyptian Bloc came in third with just 13.4% of the votes. Another liberal group, the Wafd Party, received 7.1%, while the moderate Islamist Wasat or Centrist Party took 4.3%.


Egypt Election: Second Phase Dec 14,2011


 Islamists are poised to further consolidate their overwhelming lead in the second phase of Egyptian parliamentary polls, as millions headed to polling booths on Wednesday Dec 14,2011 to decide the future of 9 governorates.Voting has been relatively peaceful, with no major irregularities reported.
Unlike the previous phase, almost all polling stations opened on time, according to the Supreme Judicial Committee for Elections.The second Phase is covering 9 of Egypt's 27 governorates, including Giza, Beni Sueif, Sohag, Aswan, Menoufiya, Sharqiya, Beheira, Ismailia and Suez.

Clashes Between Military Police And Demonstrators- Dec 16,2011


Egyptian soldiers clashed with hundreds of rock-throwing protesters in central Cairo for a second consecutive day on Saturday, hurling stones from rooftops and firing water from hoses in a crackdown that has left at least eight people dead.




Early Saturday, hundreds of protesters hurled stones at security forces who have sealed off the streets around the country's parliament building with barbed wire and large concrete blocks. Soldiers on rooftops pelted the crowds below with stones, prompting many of the protesters to pick up helmets, satellite dishes or sheets of metal to try to protect themselves.Witnesses said soldiers wielding wooden sticks and dressed in riot gear chased protesters through the streets, forcing them to retreat to nearby Tahrir Square.Later, soldiers stormed into Tahrir to disperse the protesters, and set fire to their tents. A huge cloud of black smoke hung over downtown Cairo as the tents burned.



The violence first began late Thursday after soldiers stormed an antimilitary protest camp outside the Cabinet building near Tahrir Square, expelling demonstrators demanding an end to military rule and an immediate transfer of power to a civilian authority .

Egyptian women protest abuse by soldiers


Thousands of Egyptian women marched in the streets of Cairo on Tuesday Dec 20,2011, protesting abuse by soldiers who dragged women by the hair, stomped on them and stripped one half naked on the street while cracking down on anti-military protesters in scenes that shocked many in the conservative society. 



Even before the protest was over, the ruling military council issued an unusual apology for what it called "violations" - a quick turnaround after days of dismissing the significance of the abuse.The council expressed "deep regret to the great women of Egypt" and reaffirmed "its respect and total appreciation for the women of Egypt and their right to protest, effectively and positively participate in the political life on the road to the democratic transition." It promised it was taking measures to punish those responsible for violations 








Islamists Continue Gains In Second Round Vote

Election commission chief Abdel-Moez Ibrahim announced the results on Saturday Dec 24,2011 -

Muslim Brotherhood won around 86 of estimated 180 seats or 47 percent.
The Al-Nour Party, the political arm of the ultraconservative Salafi movement, won around 20 percent of the vote.
The secular alliance of Egyptian Bloc and youth Revolution  won less than 10 percent of the seats.

Egypt Election: Third Phase Jan 03,2012

Egyptian voters are taking part in the 3rd and final round of elections to the lower house of parliament in nine provinces of the country.

 Parliament Elections - Final Results


 Final results on Saturday  Jan 21,2012 showed that Islamist parties won nearly three-quarters of the seats in parliament in Egypt's first elections since the ouster of authoritarian president Hosni Mubarak, according to election officials.
A coalition led by the fundamentalist Muslim Brotherhood won 47 percent, or 235 seats in the 498-seat parliament. The ultraconservative Al-Nour Party was second with 25 percent, or 125 seats.


Muslim Brotherhood’s political party consolidates power in Egypt parliament

The Muslim Brotherhood is the nation’s oldest Islamist organization and since President Hosni Mubarak’s ouster last year, has become the nation’s most influential political force. Its Freedom and Justice Party emerged from recently concluded elections with just under half of the 508 seats in the lower house and almost 60 percent of the 180 seats in the upper house

Freedom and Justice Party’s Mohammed Saad el-Katatny elected Speaker of the Lower House 

Freedom and Justice Party’s Ahmed Fahmy elected Speaker of the Upper House.

The two houses are expected to hold a joint meeting Saturday March 3,2012 to begin the selection of a 100-member constituent assembly, the most important undertaking of the new parliament.

Egypt Presidential Poll  - May 23-24,2012


A Presidential Election will be held on May 23-24, 2012 (with a run-off on 16 and 17 June 2012, if necessary).It will be the 2nd Presidential Election in Egypt's history with more than one candidate, following the 2005 Election held on Sep 7,2005(which Hosni Mubarak won getting 88.6% Votes for the 5th consecutive 6year term in office defeating Ayman Nour(Tomorrow Party)who got 7.3% Votes and Numan Gumaa who got 2.8%Votes)

Candidates have to be born in Egypt, may not hold dual nationality and may not be married to a foreigner; to be nominated, they require the support of 30 MPs or 30,000 voters.

According to the electoral committee, the formal registration process for candidates will start on March 10,2012.The registration process ends on April 8, after which candidates will begin campaigning.

Nobel Prize laureate and ex-head of the UN atomic watchdog Mohamed ElBaradei decided to drop out of the race, complaining of a lack of democracy in Egypt .

Frontrunners in the Presidential race include -


Former Arab League Chief Amr Mussa, who was foreign minister under Hosni Mubarak


Abdel Moneim Abul Fotuh, a former member of the Muslim Brotherhood


Ahmad Shafiq, the last PM  under Hosni Mubarak


Salafist leader Hazem Salah Abu Ismail


Nasserite Head Hamdeen Sabahi and 


Islamist independent figure Salim al-Awwa

 Muslim Brotherhood's Presidential Candidate


Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood has nominated its deputy chairman Khairat al-Shatir as its candidate for the first post-Mubarak presidential elections, reversing its earlier stance not to contest the poll .

Mubarak's Intelligence Chief Joins Race for Egypt Presidency

Omar Suleiman,the intelligence chief of Hosni Mubarak announced on Friday April 06,2012 that he planned to run.Suleiman's arrival on the scene comes shortly after the Muslim Brotherhood nominated its deputy leader Khairat al-Shater for head of state.

More than 21 candidates had submitted their registration papers by Sunday April 08,2012

Election Commission Disqualifies 10 Presidential Aspirants 

Egypt’s presidential electoral commission on Tuesday April 17,2012 permanently disqualified 10 candidates which include -

1)Muslim Brotherhood's Khairat el-Shater

2) Former Intelligence chief of Hosni Mubarak,Omar Suleiman

3)Salafist leader Hazem Salah Abu Ismail

4)Ayman Nour,Founder of the Liberal El Ghad Party and leader of the Ghad El-Thawra Party

5) Ahmad Awad Al-Saidi , National Party of Egypt Nominee

6)Mamdouh Qutb, Previous DG of the Egyptian General Intelligence Directorate, Civilisation Party Nominee

7) Houssam Khayrat, Egyptian Arab Socialist Party Nominee

8)Ashraf Barouma,"Misr Al-Kanana" Party President

9)Mortada Mansour, Previous Zamalek SC Chairman and National Party of Egypt Nominee and

10)Ibrahim El-Gharib, Independent with the Support of 30 000 voters.


Farouk Sultan, Head of the Supreme Presidential Election Commission, said on Saturday April 14,2012 that that 10 of the 23 registered candidates had been barred from the race.Reasons for the disqualifications were not given, but the effected candidates were given 48 hours to appeal the decision. Both Suleiman and El-Shater's campaigns have stated they will file appeals. All appeals were rejected.


Egyptians Protest Military Rule- Friday April 20,2012

Egypt’s Islamist and secular forces are seeking to re-launch the street uprising against the country’s ruling military, packing Cairo’s Tahrir Square with tens of thousands of protesters in the biggest rally in months and accusing the generals of manipulating upcoming presidential elections to preserve their power.2


Thousands of Egyptians from across the political spectrum turned out at the iconic plaza unified in their opposition to remnants of Hosni Mubarak's regime and in their determination to protect the goals of a hard-fought revolution.

Rival factions put their differences aside to come together against military rule. The Muslim Brotherhood joined hands with liberals to voice discontent with an electoral process that has disqualified several candidates, including the leader of the Islamist group

“Down with military rule,” chanted the protesters. Banners by all factions draped around the sprawling downtown plaza demanded that candidates seen as “feloul,” or “remnants” from Mubarak’s regime be barred from the race particularly former foreign minister Amr Moussa, a frontrunner after the disqualifications

Tens of thousands more demonstrated in other cities around the country.

Egyptian Presidential Election - The Final Candidates List
Egyptian officials have published the final list on April 26,2012 of those allowed to stand in the first presidential election to be held after the ousting of President Hosni Mubarak last year.
The list contains the names of 13 candidates, out of 23 who had initially applied to stand.Announcing the list, Farouk Sultan, head of the Higher Presidential Election Commission, said the body had decided to accept Mr Shafiq's appeal against his exclusion.
The final cadidates list consists of -

1)Ahmed Shafiq  (prime minister under ousted President Hosni Mubarak)


2)Hossam Khairallah(67)a former intelligence officer fielded by the Democratic Peace Party


3)Mohamed Fawzi Eissa(68)of the Generation Democratic Party 


4)Mahmoud Hossam(48) a former police officer


5)Mohamed Mursi(61) chairman of Muslim Brotherhood’s Freedom and Justice Party (FJP)


6)Abdel-Moneim Abul-Fotouh(61) a paediatrician


7)Mohamed Selim El-Awa(70)


8)Amr Moussa(75) a former Foreign Minister of Egypt and Secretary-General of the Arab League


9)Hamdeen Sabbahi(58)is a Nasserist who heads the Nationalist Karama Party


10)Abul-Ezz El-Hariri


11)Hisham Bastawisi(61)fielded by the leftist Tagammu Party


12)Abdallah Al-Ashaal(67)is Professor of International Law at the American University in Cairo and a former Assistant Foreign Minister and fielded by the ultra-conservative Islamist Asala Party


13)Khaled Ali(40)a socialist law and human rights activist, received the support of 32 MPs and is considered the choice of the revolutionary movements

 The 1st round of the Presidential Election is to be held on May 23-24,2012

Egyptian Presidential Candidates TV Debate


Millions of Egyptians tuned into the first ever presidential debate in the country's history on May 10,2012 Thursday night between frontrunners Amr Moussa and Abdel-Moneim Abul-Futoh.

There are 13 candidates in the election which begins on May 23, but the two who showed up for the TV bout were the established frontrunners in the polls, former foreign minister Moussa and former Muslim Brotherhood member Abul-Futoh.

Each candidate set out to accentuate his credentials to the detriment of the other. Abul-Futoh alluded to Moussa's ties to the Mubarak regime many times, while Moussa reciprocated by attacking Abul-Futoh's affiliation to the Muslim Brotherhood.
Candidates were asked a broad selection of questions over the four and half hours of the debate, ranging from the relationship with the ruling military junta, minority rights and the implementation of Sharia law.


Egyptian Presidential Poll Begins - Wednesday May 23,2012 


The Presidential Election will be held on  May 23-24 2012 (if necessary,with a run-off on June 16-17 2012). It will be the second presidential election in Egypt's history with more than one candidate, following the 2005 Election and the first presidential election after the 2011 Egyptian Revolution during the Arab Spring. 


The U.S. based Carter Center, headed by former President Jimmy Carter has sent 22 international observers, drawn from 14 nationalities to monitor the polls.



About 50 million eligible voters have been called to cast their ballots.13 candidates are running in the election that takes place over two days in 13,000 polling stations nationwide.


The frontrunners are:
  • Ahmed Shafiq, a former commander of the air force and briefly prime minister during February 2011 protests
  • Amr Moussa, who has served as foreign minister and head of the Arab League
  • Mohammed Mursi, who heads Muslim Brotherhood's Freedom and Justice Party
  • Abdul Moneim Aboul Fotouh, an independent Islamist candidate

Other prominent candidates

  • Muhammad al-Awwa, Islamic thinker
  • Hisham al-Bastawisi, leading judge
  • Abu al-Izz al-Hariri, Socialist MP
  • Khalid Ali, Left-wing rights activist
  • Hamdin Sabbahi, co-founder of Nasserist Karama party

 Unofficial Results of First Round of Presidential Polls

Mohammed Mursi(Muslim Brotherhood's Freedom and Justice Party) has got 25.30% Votes

Ahmed Shafiq(Independent)has got 23.74% Votes  and

Hamdeen Sabbahi(Independent)has got 21.60% Votes

The turnout in first round of voting was 43.4% , a low turnout compared to the parliamentary elections months before

Egypt state of emergency lifted after 31 years

Egypt's state of emergency, that gave security forces sweeping powers to detain suspects and try them in special courts, has ended after 31 years.
It has been in place without interruption since the assassination of President Anwar Sadat in October 1981.

Hosni Mubarak Gets Life Imprisonment

 Egypt's ex-President Hosni Mubarak(84) has been sentenced to life in prison on Saturday June 02,2012 after a court convicted him on charges of complicity in the killing of protesters during last year's uprising that forced him from power.

Judge Ahmed Rifaat who delivered a strongly worded statement before handing down the sentences. described Mubarak's era as "30 years of darkness" and "a darkened nightmare" that ended only when Egyptians rose up to demand change.
"They peacefully demanded democracy from rulers who held tight grip on power," the judge said.

Hosni Mubarak is the first Arab leader to be tried by his own people in the country.

Hosni Mubarak's verdict came just days after presidential elections have been boiled down to a June 16-17 contest between Mubarak's last prime minister, one-time protege Ahmed Shafiq, and Mubarak's top foe, a Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohammed Morsi. 


Presidential Election Run-off - June 16-17,2012


 Mohamed Morsi of Freedom and Justice Party and Ahmed Shafiq,independent candidate is contesting.

Voting at 13,000 polling stations, spread across Egypt's 27 governorates, is being held over Saturday and Sunday


Muslim Brotherhood's Mohammed Mursi Wins Presidential Election


"Mohamed Morsy is the first popularly elected civilian President of Egypt," read a brief but triumphant message on the official website of Brotherhood's Freedom and Justice Party (FJP)

The Brotherhood claimed that Mohamed Morsy had won 52.5% votes while Ahmed Shafiq, a former aviator and the last PM of ousted President Hosni Mubarak, secured 47.5 % Votes.


Hosni Mubarak in coma and on life support in hospital 


The state news agency reported that the 84-year-old had suffered a blood clot in the brain which caused his heart to stop, but that he was resuscitated by paramedics at the prison hospital and then moved to the military hospital as his condition deteriorated.


Mohammed Morsi Reverses Parliament Dissolution


Mohammed Mursi whose Muslim Brotherhood won most seats, said the chamber should reconvene until a new election is held, a month after it was dissolved.

The military had enforced a court order last month dissolving parliament because party members had contested seats reserved for independents.
The military council held emergency talks on Mohammed Mursi's decree but did not decide on any action


Egypt top court freezes Mohammed Morsi decree


Egypt’s Supreme Constitutional Court on Tuesday July 10,2012 overturned a decree issued by newly-elected President Mohamed Morsy reinstating the Islamist-led parliament, which met by reconvening in open defiance of the military, even as power struggle between state institutions heightened.

Egypt’s Supreme Constitutional Court issued the ruling suspending President Morsy’s Sunday decree reinstating the People’s Assembly, the lower house of Egypt’s parliament.
The court ordered that its previous ruling be implemented. 

The ruling came just hours after the parliament met for a session that lasted just 12 minutes in line with a presidential decree, in spite of cautious warnings from both the constitutional court as well as the military council.

 Egyptian Parliament Speaker Saad el-Katani presides over a brief session of Parliament, the first since the country's high court ruled the chamber unconstitutional, in Cairo


Egyptian President Mohamed Morsy's Decree

Egyptian President Mohamed Morsy has issued an order preventing any court from overturning his decisions, essentially allowing him to run the country unchecked until a new constitution is drafted, his spokesman announced on state TV Thursday Nov 22,2012

Morsy declared that any laws or decrees he's made since he took office June 30, and until a new constitution is put in place, are final and cannot be overturned or appealed.

Morsy also declared that a 100-man council drafting a new constitution, plus the upper house of parliament, cannot be dissolved. And he granted the council two more months to finish a draft constitution, meaning the panel has six months to finish.

That means Morsy, who earlier this year took over legislative powers from the military council that ruled after Mubarak's ouster, could have at least 6 months of unchecked rule by decree.

Egyptian President Mohamed Morsy waves to supporters in front of the presidential palace in Cairo on Friday, Nov 23,2012. Thousands of ecstatic supporters gathered outside the presidential palace to defend their leader against accusations from rival protesters that he has become a dictator.
 Morsy supporters gather outside the presidential palace in Cairo on Friday, Nov 23,2012


Political rivals expressed dismay  -


"Morsy is taking over the executive, judicial, and legislative powers in his hands, and this is a dangerous path,"

 Egyptian President Mohamed Morsy’s decree  has triggered violent clashes across Egypt, with the torching of Muslim Brotherhood offices in some cities and street battles amid clouds of teargas fired by police

 State television is reporting that Morsy’s opponents have set ablaze offices of the Muslim Brotherhood — the President’s party’s parent organisation — in the Suez canal cities of Suez, Port Said and Ismailia. In Alexandria, Mr. Morsy’s supporters and opponents fought pitched battles after noon prayers with stones and chunks of marble pulled out of a mosque.

Thousands of demonstrators march through the streets of Cairo to protest against Morsy on Friday Nov 23,2012



Egyptians protest over presidential powers - Tuesday, Nov 27,2012


Tens of thousands take part in a mass rally against a decree by President Mohamed Morsy granting himself broad powers on Tuesday, November 27, in Cairo. Activists have been camping out in Tahrir Square since Friday to protest what they consider overreaching powers for the president. 

 Protesters gather at sit-in tents in Tahrir Square on Sunday Nov 25,2012


Egyptian protesters hurl stones at police at Tahrir Square on Sunday Nov 25,2012

Egypt Approves New Constitution -Friday Nov 30,2012


Egypt’s Constituent Assembly on Friday approved a final draft of the country’s first Constitution since the fall of former President Hosni Mubarak.
The Assembly sent the draft to President Mohamed Morsy, who is expected to submit it for public approval in a referendum

Egypt Constitution Vote - Saturday Dec 15,2012


The simple ballot paper asks voters to either endorse or oppose the new constitution.

Early indications suggested that a majority of those who have voted so far may have backed the document.Saturday's vote was held in Cairo, Alexandria and 8 other provinces.In the first round of voting, about 56 % said “yes” to the charter and the turnout was about 32 %

Constitution at a glance

  • Sharia remains the main source of legislation
  • Al-Azhar, Sunni Islam's leading authority, to be consulted on "matters related to Sharia"
  • Christianity and Judaism to be the main source of legislation for Christians and Jews
  • Religious freedom to be limited to Muslims, Christians and Jews
  • Limits president to two four-year terms of office


Egypt Constitution Vote - Saturday Dec 22,2012


Saturday’s voting in 17 of Egypt’s 27 provinces was the second and final round of the referendum. Preliminary results released early Sunday by Mr. Morsi’s Muslim Brotherhood showed that 71.4 percent of those who voted Saturday said “yes” after 95.5 % of the ballots were counted.  



Only about eight million of the 25 million Egyptians eligible to vote a turnout of about 30 % cast their ballots.



Both rounds of voting saw claims by the opposition and rights groups of voting violations. On Saturday, they said violations ranged from polling stations opening late to Islamists seeking to influence voters to say “yes.” The official MENA news agency said at least two judges have been removed for coercing voters to cast “yes” ballots .

 The results of the two rounds mean the referendum was approved by about 63%.The new constitution would come into effect once official results are announced.


Egypt Constitution Vote Passes -Tuesday Dec 25,2012

Egypt's electoral commission has confirmed that a controversial, Islamist-backed constitution was passed by 64% of voters, rejecting opposition allegations of polling fraud.
Samir Abul Maati, the President of the National Electoral Commission, told a Cairo news conference late Tuesday Dec 25,2012 that a total of 63.8 % of valid ballots supported the new constitution.
Turnout was 32.9 %t, he said.

Egypt's Draft Constitution

Egypt’s draft constitution is made up of an introduction, an 11-part preamble and 236 articles .

Shariah (Islamic) law
Like a previous constitution, the draft states, “Principles of Islamic Shariah are the principal source of legislation.” For the first time, the draft defines those principles, rooting them in “general evidence, foundational rules” and other rules from the long tradition of Islamic jurisprudence. Both critics and ultraconservative supporters of the charter say that opens the doors for stricter imposition of Islamic law.
Role of clerics
The draft gives Islamic clerics unprecedented powers with an article stating, “Al—Azhar senior scholars are to be consulted in matters pertaining to Islamic law,” referring to the most respected center of scholarship and rulings in Sunni Islam.
An article commits “the state and society” to “entrenching and protecting the moral values” of “the authentic Egyptian family.” Critics worry the broad phrasing will allow not only the government but also individuals to intervene in personal rights.
Women’s rights
The draft mentions women in the framework of the traditional Muslim family, adding, “The state shall ensure maternal and child health services free of charge and ensure reconciliation between the duties of a woman toward her family and her work.” The preamble underlines equality “for all citizens, men and women, without discrimination or nepotism or preferential treatment, in both rights and duties.” But opponents charge that the document does not protect women from discrimination.
Civil rights
The draft guarantees freedom of expression, creativity, assembly and other rights. It also has a direct ban on torture and stricter provisions limiting detentions and searches by police. But it says the rights “must be practiced in a manner not conflicting with” principles of Shariah or the morals of the family. There is also a ban on insulting “religious messengers and prophets,” opening the door to arrests of bloggers and other activists.
News media
Independent publications closed for a day to protest the lack of an article banning arrest of journalists for what they write. The draft has this- “Freedom of the press, printing, publication and mass media shall be guaranteed. The media shall be free and independent...”
Religious minorities
The draft guarantees the freedom of Christians and Jews to practice their rites, live by their religions’ rule on marriage, inheritance and personal status and establish places of worship. But it hedges those rights on the condition they do not “violate public order” and that they will be “regulated by law.” In the past, the building of churches has been limited by law because of claims it disturbs public order. The draft guarantees those rights for “the divine religions,” meaning Christianity and Judaism, but not others, raising concerns of persecution of smaller sects.
The charter ensures an independent status for the powerful military. The president is the head of the national security council, but the defence minister is the commander in chief of the armed forces and “appointed from among its officers.” Control of the military budget is not mentioned. It also allows civilians to be tried before military courts in some cases.

Critics have raised concerns over issues including Islamic law and women’s rights