Of the many treatment options available for infertility today, IVF or in vitro fertilization is perhaps the most recommended. Louise Joy Brown became the first baby to be conceived through this method on July 25, 1978, a date, which every year is celebrated as World Embryologists Day
IVF is a ray of hope for couples with infertility issues who dream of having a baby. It is both diagnostic and therapeutic. It helps in identifying many problems related to fertilization and embryo development, which perhaps other methods cannot. Since reproduction is a complex process, as with any other procedure, the success rate of IVF also depends on many factors. Couples opting for this method should consider the following factors, which can influence the success rate of IVF.
The older a person gets, the lesser the chances of conception through IVF. This is because the quality of eggs and sperms reduce with age. The chances of success are about 40% in couples under the age of 35. In women between the ages of 42 -50, there is only a 5% to 10% chance of conception through IVF.
2. Previous pregnancy
One of the essential factors determining success of IVF is the previous conception history of a woman. Chances of conception are more in a woman who has had a successful pregnancy earlier with or without IVF. Also, recurrent miscarriages in the past could indicate that the type of infertility is not one that responds well to IVF. However, it is not good to rule out IVF only because of a previous miscarriage.
3. Cause of infertility
Male and female infertility has a significant impact on the success rate of IVF. Women with endometriosis or blockages of fallopian tubes, issues with ovulation, or men with low sperm count tend to respond well to IVF. However, the chances of success are less in conditions such as uterine abnormalities and fibroid tumors, ovarian dysfunction and the duration for which a couple has been infertile.
4. Egg quality
The quality of eggs retrieved from the female has a bearing on the success of the IVF procedure. Healthy eggs increase the likelihood of conception through this method
5. Sperm quality
A normal, healthy adult male releases about 40 million to 1.2 billion sperms in a single ejaculation. However, only one of these joins with the egg to cause pregnancy. The quality of sperm also determines the success rate of IVF.
6. Lifestyle habits
One of the major reasons for infertility among couples today is their lifestyle habits. Couples planning a family or those undergoing IVF treatment must make certain lifestyle changes to conceive successfully. Some of these include quitting smoking and drinking, getting enough sleep, reducing stress and avoiding junk food.
7. Fertility clinic
The fertility clinic a couple chooses for the process of IVF is also a factor determining the success rate. There are some things to be considered while choosing a clinic.