India's edible oil imports are set to fall for the first time in six years as a surge in local oilseed output cuts into overseas purchases, but intake needs to fall further to fortify the health of the market, the head of a leading importer said.
The lower purchases by the world's biggest importer of vegetable oils come amid a 13 per cent run-off in international crude palm oil prices this year that has also pulled down other edible oil benchmarks and kept domestic oilseed crushing in India unprofitable.
India is expected to import 14.3 million tonnes of edible oils in the year to end-October 2017, down 300,000 tonnes or 2 per cent from the previous year, Dinesh Shahra, managing director of Ruchi Soya Industries
India's edible oil purchases - mainly palm oil from Malaysia and Indonesia and soybean oil from Argentina and Brazil - have increased each year since 2010/11, according to SEA.
The imports in the decade to 2015/16 rose an average of 12 per cent a year, making it the world's biggest importer of palm oil and soyoil. India relies on imports for 70 per cent of its edible oils, up from 44 per cent in 2001/02. Palm oil accounts for more than half of India's total edible oil imports. Its purchases are likely to be 8.5 million to 8.7 million tonnes this year, compared with 8.44 million tonnes in 2015/16, Shahra said.
Imports of sunflower oil, however - perceived to be a healthier option by many Indians - could surge 33 per cent to 2 million tonnes this year as it has started trading at a discount to soyoil, Shahra said.
In June the landed cost of sunflower oil was $9 a tonne lower than soyoil at Indian ports. A year ago, sunflower oil was $99 a tonne more expensive than soyoil, according to SEA data. That means most of the drop in edible oil imports will come in soyoil purchases, which are expected to fall nearly 17 per cent to 3.5 million tonnes, according to Shahra.