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Tuesday, June 12, 2018

Pradhan Mantri Matritva Vandana Yojana (PMMVY)

Pradhan Mantri Matritva Vandana Yojana (PMMVY), previously Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY), is a maternity benefit program run by the government of India

 It was introduced in 2010 and is implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development

It is a conditional cash t ransfer scheme for pregnant and lactating women of 19 years of age or above for first live birth. It provides a partial wage compensation to women for wage-loss during childbirth and childcare and to provide conditions for safe delivery and good nutrition and feeding practices

In 2013, the scheme was brought under the National Food Security Act 2013 to implement the provision of cash maternity benefit of 6,000 (US$89) stated in the Act( to be paid in two installments of 3,000)

The cash transfers under the Scheme are subject to the following conditions:
  • The first transfer (at the end of second birth / pregnancy trimester) of 3,000 (US$45) requires the mother to:
    • Register pregnancy at the Anganwadi Centre (AWC) within four months of conception
    • Attend at least one prenatal care session and taking Iron-folic acid tablets and TT(tetanus toxoid injection), and
    • Attend at least one 3. counseling session at the AWC or healthcare centre.
  • The second transfer (three months after delivery) of 3,000 (US$45) requires the mother to:
    • Register the birth
    • Immunize the child with OPV and BCGat birth, at six weeks and at 10 weeks
    • Attend at least two growth monitoring sessions within three months of delivery
  • Additionally the scheme requires the mother to:
    • Exclusively breastfeed for six months and introduce complementary feeding as certified by the mother,
    • Immunize the child with OPV and DPT
    • Attend at least two counseling sessions on growth monitoring and infant and child nutrition and feeding between the third and sixth months after delivery.

Presently, the scheme is implemented on a pilot basis in 53 selected districts and proposals are under consideration to scale it up to 200 additional 'high burden districts' in 2015-16

Prime Minister Narendra Modi in his 2017 New Year’s eve speech, announced that the scheme will be scaled up to cover 650 districts of the country

The announcement assumes significance as India accounts for 17% of all maternal deaths in the world. The country’s maternal mortality rate is pegged at 167 per 100,000 live births, whereas infant mortality is estimated at 43 per 1,000 live births. Among the primary causes of high maternal and infant mortality are poor nutrition and inadequate medical care during pregnancy and childbirth

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