Thalassemia basically means anemia, a genetic blood disease which the child could inherit if one or both of his/her parents is carrying the disease gene.
The risk is higher if both parents have this disease. Symptoms are not visible, but it can be identified through medical tests.
The World Health Organization (WHO)set the 8th of May each year as the World Thalassemia Day in order to raise awareness of this disease, how to avoid it, and how it is transmitted.
According to WHO,more than 90 percent patients with thalassaemia in western countries lead a normal life, whereas in India, roughly half of all patients die before reaching adulthood