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Saturday, March 25, 2017

2017 Australia Tour of India - India Vs Australia Fourth Test @ Dharamsala March 2529,2017 - R Ashwin Breaks Steyn's Record of Most Wickets in a Season 2016-17


Day One Saturday March 25,2017
India spinner Ravichandran Ashwin has added another feather to his already illustrious cap. The off-spinner has now shattered South Africa paceman Dale Steyn's record of most number of Test wickets taken in a season.


Dale Steyn picked up 78 wickets in the 2007/08 season, which was equalled by Ashwin with the dismissal of Glenn Maxwell during the second innings of the Ranchi Test.


However, on the opening day of the fourth and the final Test in Dharamsala, Ashwin removed centurion Steven Smith to surpass Steyn and take his tally to 79 for the season. Interestingly, Ashwin's record-breaking wicket also became a first for an Aussie captain.

Earlier, during the first Test of the series against Australia in Pune, Ashwin has broken Kapil Dev's (63) record of most number of wickets by an Indian in a home season, which the legendary all-rounder set in 1979/80.

40th Anniversary of the first Non -Congress Govt at the Centre March 24,1977 - March 24,2017

March 16 - 19,1977 - Election to the 6th Lok Sabha
March 20,1977        - Janata Party wins the polls securing 294 seats
March 21,1977        -Indira Gandhi Resigns as PM
March 24,1977        - Moraji Desai Sworn in as PM by the actin President B D Jatty

July 15,1979           - Moraji Desai Resigns as PM

July 28,1979           - Charan Singh Home Minister & Dy PM sworn in as PM

The first actions taken by the Janata Party Govt led by Moraji Desai was to formally end the state of emergency and media censorship and repeal the controversial executive decrees issued during the Emergency

The Morarji Desai Government proceeded to establish inquiry commissions and tribunals to investigate allegations of corruption and human rights abuses by members of Indira Gandhi's government, political party and the police forces. Specific inquiries were instituted on Sanjay Gandhi's management of the state-owned Maruti Udyog Ltd

Despite a strong start, the Janata Govt began to wither as significant ideological and political divisions emerged

The party consisted of veteran socialists, trade unionists and pro-business leaders, making major economic reforms difficult to achieve without triggering a public divide

Socialists and secular Janata politicians shared an aversion to the Hindu nationalist agenda of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, whose members included Vajpayee, Advani and other leaders from the Bharatiya Jana Sangh

Violence between Hindus and Muslims led to further confrontations within the Janata party, with most Janata leaders demanding that A B Vajpayee and L K Advani choose between staying in government and being members of the RSS

Both Vajpayee and Advani as well as other members of the former BJS opted to remain members of the RSS and consequently resigned from their posts and from the party.

Through 1979, support for Morarji Desai had declined considerably due to worsening economic conditions as well as the emergence of allegations of nepotism and corruption involving members of his family. Desai's confrontational attitude eroded his support.

Moraji Desai's  main rival Charan Singh had developed an acrimonious relationship with Desai.[16]Protesting Desai's leadership, Singh resigned and withdrew the support of his BLD. Desai also lost the support of the secular and socialist politicians in the party, who saw him as favouring the Hindu nationalist BJS

On  July 19,1979 Desai resigned from the government 

President Reddy appointed Charan Singh as the Prime Minister of a minority government on the strength of 64 MPs, calling upon him to form a new government and prove his majority.

 The departure of Desai and the BJS had considerably diminished Janata's majority, and numerous Janata MPs refused to support Charan Singh. 

MPs loyal to Jagjivan Ram withdrew themselves from the Janata party.

 Former allies such as the DMK, Shiromani Akali Dal and the Communist Party of India (Marxist) had distanced themselves from the Janata party. Desperately seeking enough support for a majority, Charan Singh even sought to negotiate with Congress (I), which refused. 

After only three weeks in office, Charan Singh resigned. 

With no other political party in position to establish a majority government, President Reddy dissolved the Parliament and called fresh elections for January 1980

European Union(EU) at 60 - European Union leaders celebrate EU's 60the anniversary at a special summit in Rome on Saturday March 25,2017


European Union leaders renewed their vows at a special summit in Rome on Saturday March 25,2017, celebrating the bloc's 60th anniversary with a commitment to a common future without Britain.     
      
Meeting without British Prime Minister Theresa May, the other 27 member countries signed a declaration of unity on the Capitoline Hill where six founding states signed the Treaty of Rome on March 25, 1957.             
With the EU facing crises including migration, a moribund economy, terrorism and populism, as well as Brexit, EU President Donald Tusk called for leadership to shore up the bloc.  
        
"Prove today that you are the leaders of Europe, that you can care for this great legacy we inherited from the heroes of European integration 60 years ago," EU President Donald Tusk said in a speech.       

      
The Rome Declaration that the leaders signed proclaims that "Europe is our common future", and sets out the path for the next decade in a rapidly changing world.             
"It is it a bit of a tighter squeeze in the room today" than when the original six states signed up, joked Italian Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni after welcoming the leaders to the Renaissance-era Palazzo dei Conservatori for a ceremony long on pomp and short on real politics.             
"We have had 60 years of peace in Europe and we owe it to the courage of the founding fathers," Gentiloni said, acknowledging that a string of crises had combined to bring the process of European integration to a standstill.             
"When the iron curtain fell in 1989 we thought their dream had been realised but (recent crises) have shown us that history is anything but finished.             
"We have to start again and we have the strength to do that." 

European Commission chief Jean-Claude Juncker also insisted the EU could ride out recent storms.             
"Daunting as they are, the challenges we face today are in no way comparable to those faced by the founding fathers," he said, recalling how the new Europe was built from the ashes of World War II.             
"We are standing on the shoulders of giants," Juncker said, voicing confidence that the EU would still be around to celebrate its 100th birthday.  

Friday, March 24, 2017

World Tuberculosis Day 2017 - 0 things you need to know about the disease Friday March 24,2017


Tuberculosis is caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis bacterium that most often begins by affecting the lungs and can then spread to other body parts. The disease can be combated best through a strict diet and food supplements, that ensure malnourished children do not have a relapse.
Fighting TB requires a diet rich in fats, vitamins, minerals and proteins

According to the World Health Organisation(WHO), it is a the world’s top infectious disease killer and 5000 people die because of it every day. It ranks among the top 10 global causes of death, and in 2015 alone, a million children below the age of 14 years worldwide were diagnosed with TB and 1,70,000 of them died. 10-15 per cent of TB patients are under the age of 14.

WHO data shows India has the most number of TB cases among the six countries that account for 60 per cent of total cases worldwide. Indonesia, China, Nigeria, Pakistan and South Africa rank after India.


1. HIV patients are at a very high risk of TB.
According to experts, the probability of the disease is higher in HIV patients, as their immune system is weaker than others. Most HIV deaths occur due to TB.
2. It is an air-pollution borne disease.
City pollution is one of the major causes of tuberculosis. Stray dust on roads as well as fine dirt particles from construction sites can enter your lungs and aggravate chances of tuberculosis.
3. TB spreads by air.
Tuberculosis can spread by being in the infectious air as the disease is an infectious one whose bacteria travel through air droplets, by way of coughing or sneezing by an infected person. Therefore, a person who is infected should always avoid crowded, closes spaces and shift to an open environment immediately.
4. You might have TB and not know it.
According to statistics, about 2.3 billion people in the world have TB, but many may never know that they have it. Due to a condition called latent tuberculosis, the person infected might never experience severe symptoms or be hazardous to others, but the germs will simply stay in the body.
5. But fret not, you can fight it.
However, in only 5-10 per cent of people does the TB bacteria become industrious. These people can spread the disease to other people as the bacteria is active.
6. TB is mostly found in under-developed nations.
Mostly, TB is found in underdeveloped countries, especially in the Africa, Asia, Latin America, or Russia regions. Close to 1.5 million people die from the disease every year. TB is found to be very common in shelters for homeless people, prisons, hospitals and nursing homes, immigration settlements, etc.
7. TB can affect more than just your lungs.
Usually, TB attacks the lungs but other organs such as the brain or the kidneys can fall prey to the disease too.
8. Coughing, cold sweats, can be vital symptoms.
Symptoms include coughing that lasts for more than two or three week, at times with blood, chest pain, fatigue, unexplained weight loss, weakness, fever at night, sweating in cool weather, shortness of breath, whistle-like sound while breathing, etc.
9. I have TB, what do I do now?
In case you have tuberculosis, you should stop tobacco and alcohol intake immediately, lessen caffeine consumption, decrease eating refined food items such as white rice, sugar, white bread, etc., avoid red meat or other cholesterol inducing items. You should also visit a doctor immediately.
10. What to eat, what to stay away from.
What you should eat, however, are poultry products, fish, wheat-based products, dark-green vegetables such as kale, spinach, beans, broccoli and the like, vegetables naturally occurring in bright colours, such as carrots, bell peppers, tomatoes and fruits such as blueberries, cherries, etc., as these are rich in anti-oxidants

World Tuberculosis Day 2017: India still has 24 per cent of world’s TB cases Friday March 24,2017


Tuberculosis is caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis bacterium that most often begins by affecting the lungs and can then spread to other body parts. The disease can be combated best through a strict diet and food supplements, that ensure malnourished children do not have a relapse.
Fighting TB requires a diet rich in fats, vitamins, minerals and proteins

According to the World Health Organisation(WHO), it is a the world’s top infectious disease killer and 5000 people die because of it every day. It ranks among the top 10 global causes of death, and in 2015 alone, a million children below the age of 14 years worldwide were diagnosed with TB and 1,70,000 of them died. 10-15 per cent of TB patients are under the age of 14.


WHO data shows India has the most number of TB cases among the six countries that account for 60 per cent of total cases worldwide. Indonesia, China, Nigeria, Pakistan and South Africa rank after India.
“There has been a steep rise in TB cases among children in India

2017 Australia Tour of India - India Vs Australia Fourth Test @ Dharamsala March 2529,2017


Mumbai batsman Shreyas Iyer has been called in as a cover for Indian captain Virat Kohli for the fourth Test to be played at the HPCA Stadium in Dharamsala





Virat Kohli hasn't completely recovered from his shoulder injury and the fact that he did not take part in practice session on Thursday is ample proof of the same.

It is to be be noted that Virat Kohli hurt his shoulder while fielding on the opening day of the Ranchi Test match.Virat Kohli on Thursday skipped batting at India's net session ahead of the fourth Test against Australia.With a bandaged right shoulder, Kohli took part in the customary warm-up.

Day One Saturday March 25,2017

With the 4-Match Test Series locked at 1-1

A draw in the fourth and final Test against India would be enough for Smith and his men to retain the Border-Gavaskar Trophy, having triumphed at home in the 2014-15 season

Dharamsala become the 21st city and 27th venue to hos Tests on Indian soil on saturday March 25,2017

Ajinkya Rahane became India’s 33rd Test captain after injured Virat Kohli was ruled out (Kohli suffered a shoulder injury while fielding in the Ranchi Test match)

Coming from India's cricketing nursery Mumbai, Rahane joined the league of legends like Polly Umrigar, Nari Contractor, GS Ramchand, Ajit Wadekar, Sunil Gavaskar, Dilip Vengsarkar, Ravi Shastri and Sachin Tendulkar to captain the country in Test cricket.

Kuldeep Yadav will be making his debut as India go back to five bowler theory with Bhuvneshwar Kumar replacing Ishant Sharma


Squads

India
KL  Rahul, Murali Vijay, Cheteshwar Pujara, Ajinkya Rahane(C) Karun Nair, R Ashwin, Wriddhima Saha(WK) Ravidnra Jadeja, Bhuveshwar Kumar, Kuldeep Yadav, Umesh Yadav

Australia
David Warner, Matt Renshaw,Steve Smith(C),Shaun Marsh,Peter Handscomb,Glenn Maxwell,Mathew Wade,Pat Cummins,Steve O'Keefe,Nathan Lyon and Josh Hazzlewood

Australia won the toss and chose to bat first

Test Debut - Kuldeep Yadav(India) - 288th Test cricketer for India

Australia scored300/10 in 88.3 Overs

At lunch,Australia were 131/1 in 31 Overs

However, Australia were bowled out for 300/10 with David Warner 56(87 Balls 4x8 and 6x1) Steve Smith 111(173 Balls 4x14) and Mathew Wade 57(125 Balls 4x4 and 6x1) 

Having reached lunch at a domineering 131 for 1, Australia gave up their last nine wickets for a mere 169

Steve Smith scored his 3rd Ton of the Series and become the 1st Australian Cricketer t o do so



Also this is Steve Smith's 20th Test Ton
Number of innings Steve Smith took to score 20 Test centuries. He's behind only Don Bradman (55 innings), and Sunil Gavaskar (95) and Matthew Hayden (95)

Kuldeep Yadav is the first left-arm wristspinner to represent India in Tests, and he took 4 for 68 on debut
Sri Lanka's Lakshan Sandakan is the only other left-arm wristspinner to play Tests for an Asian country.



India spinner Ravichandran Ashwin has added another feather to his already illustrious cap. The off-spinner has now shattered South Africa paceman Dale Steyn's record of most number of Test wickets taken in a season.
Steyn picked up 78 wickets in the 2007/08 season, which was equalled by Ashwin with the dismissal of Glenn Maxwell during the second innings of the Ranchi Test.

However, on the opening day of the fourth and the final Test in Dharamsala, Ashwin removed centurion Steven Smith to surpass Steyn and take his tally to 79 for the season. Interestingly, Ashwin's record-breaking wicket also became a first for an Aussie captain.
Earlier, during the first Test of the series against Australia in Pune, Ashwin has broken Kapil Dev's (63) record of most number of wickets by an Indian in a home season, which the legendary all-rounder set in 1979/80.

At close of play India were 0/0 with K L Rahul  00* and Murali Vijay 00* at the crease

Goa Chief Minister Manohar Parrikar who holds finance portfolio presented the 2017-18 annual budget on Friday March 24,2017


Goa Chief Minister Manohar Parrikar who holds finance portfolio on Friday presented the 2017-18 annual budget of Rs.16,021 crores with a revenue surplus of Rs.202.48 crores.

The budget which spared common man from any additional levies revised the fees for enewal of cainos license, their annual recurring fees and doubled fees for transfer of licenses from Rs.10 crores, and made beer marginally costly by enhancing the Excise duty on the beer manufactured in the State or imported.While declining to tinker with the rates of various commercial taxes, the State budget proposed to withdraw the scheme of collection of entry fee on vehicles entering the State, moment the GST would be implemented from July 1.
The budget stated that the State’s Commercial Taxes department was fully geared for introduction of Goods and Services Tax (GST).
Goa being a consumption State, where in services play a major role, Mr. Parrikar anticipated that the tourist State will gain from GST.
Mr. Parrikar, in his budget speech recalled that since five years the State had maintained the promise that prices of petrol would not cross Rs.60 per litre. He felt it was time to review this measure and in  view of enchanced spending and provisions for existing and various new initaitiaves  he increased the value added tax (VAT) on motor spirit to 15 per cent but ensuring that the rate would be in the range of Rs.65 per litre.As a measure to promote airlines to connect Goa with small towns under the regional connectivity scheme of the Centre, which in turn would promote tourism, Mr. Parrikar proposed to reimburse VAT on aviation turbine fuel, in excess of 01 per cent.
As a green initiative the government has also exempted from VAT on the sale of electric vehicles and the vehicles also will be exempted from motor vehicle tax.
In a relief to the mineral ore industry, the government proposed to allow input tax credit on sale of mineral ore.
Mr. Parrikar reduced the export fee on beer to 50 paise per bulk litre.
Responding to the pleas of the sellers of high-end vehicles to reduce the high registration fee, the government rationalised the registration fee by categorising the dealers as per their share capital and making slabs according to price of the high-end vehicles.
The government also lifted the moratorium on registration of rent-a-bike or two-wheeler taxis.

UID number, popularly known as Aadhaar and the long list of Aadhaar linked schemes


The UID number, popularly known as Aadhaar, was envisaged as an end to fake or multiple identities

The UID number, popularly known as Aadhaar, was envisaged as an end to fake or multiple identities. However, the ambitious scheme has been facing controversies and successive governments have been silent on questions on the security of personal data collected by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI). A Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court is hearing arguments on whether Aadhaar breaches the privacy of citizens.
The current NDA government has gone ahead with linking Aadhaar with various centrally sponsored schemes. It has maintained in courts that obtaining an Aadhaar number and using it to avail subsidy is voluntary.
The Aadhaar Act, tabled as a Money Bill and passed by the Lok Sabha, says its aim is to “ provide for targeted delivery of subsidies and services to individuals residing in India by assigning them unique identity numbers, called Aadhaar numbers,” and does not mention the word ‘mandatory.’ But it is now unavoidable, as over 50 schemes are linked to Aaadhar.

As proof of identity

Aadhaar is accepted as a valid identity proof by the Central and all State governments for availing services, including application for passport, opening of bank or insurance accounts, getting telephone and mobile phone connections, and buying rail tickets and availing concessions.

To verify electoral rolls

In order to keep a check on multiple entries in electoral rolls, the Election Commission has started a drive to include Aadhaar number along with Electors Photo Identity Card or voter Id card.

In Provident fund

The Employees Provident Fund Organisation allots a Universal Account Number in order to facilitate smooth transfer of funds when an employee switches companies. By linking his/her Aadhaar to this UAN, the employee can transfer the PF amount directly to the saving account.

For filing I-T returns

For the past couple of years, the Icome Tax Department has enabled an Aadhaar-based mechanism to digitally sign and submit I-T returns online. This financial year, the government has made it mandatory to link Aadhaar with PAN to eliminate multiple PAN used by individuals. Holding more than one PAN per person is a criminal offence.

In Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana

This flagship scheme launched by the Modi government aims to provide free LPG connection to below poverty line (BPL) families. The scheme uses Aadhaar to verify the claim of the beneficiary and to transfer the subsidy amount.

For digital payments

The Unified Payment Interface and the recently launched BHIM app support Aadhaar based money transfer. The IDFC Bank has recently rolled out Aadhaar Pay, where the customer’s fingerprint is used to pay the merchant.

In Direct Benefit Transfer

The first major rollout of Aadhaar based service was Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT), a mechanism to hand over the subsidy and welfare amount directly to the beneficiary’s bank account, instead of the existing practice of giving banker’s cheque or cash.
As of today 92 centrally-sponsored schemes from 19 Ministries are implemented through DBT. The prominent among them are PAHAL for LPG subsidy, cash transfer of food subsidy and MGNREGA.
Others are:
Indira Gandhi National Disability Pension Scheme
Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme
Indira Gandhi National Widow Pension Scheme
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme
Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojna (Grameen)
BSR Doctoral Fellowship in Sciences
Dr. S. Radharkrishnan Post Doctoral Fellowship In Humanities
Emeritus Fellowship
Kothari Post Doctoral Fellowship in Sciences
National Research Professorship
Ishan Uday Scholarship Scheme for North Eastern Region
National Eligibility Test-Junior Research. Fellowship
P.G. Indira Gandhi Scholarship for Single Girl Child
P.G. Scholarship for Professional Courses for SC or ST candidates
P.G. Scholarship for University Rank Holders
PG Scholarship for GATE qualified PG Students
PMSSS for J and K Students admitted in rest of India
Post Doctoral.Fellowship for Women
Post- Doctoral Fellowship for SC or ST Candidates
Pragati Scholarship for girls Diploma Institutes
Pragati Scholarship for girls in Degree Colleges
QIP for faculty deputed for PhD studies at QIP centers
Saksham Scholarship for differently abled students of Degree College
Saksham scholarship for differently abled students of Diploma Institutes
Scholarship To Universities /College Students
Swami Vivekananda Single Girl Child Scholarship
Artistes Pension Scheme and Welfare Fund
Finacial assistance for the preservation and development of Himalayan Cultural Heritage for Himalaya
Financial Assistance for the Cultural Function Grant SchemeCFGS
Financial Assistance for the development of Buddhist / Tibetian Organizations
Financial Assistance to Cultural Organization
International Cultural Relation
Production Grant
Repertory Grant Scheme
Scheme for the Award of Fellowship to outstanding persons in the field of Culture
Scheme for Scholarships to Young Artistes in different cultural fields
Tagore National Fellowship for Cultural Research
Artistes Pension Scheme and Welfare Fund
Finacial assistance for the preservation and development of Himalayan Cultural Heritage for Himalaya
Financial Assistance for the Cultural Function Grant Scheme
Financial Assistance for the development of Buddhist / Tibetian Organizations
Financial Assistance to Cultural Organization
International Cultural Relation
Production Grant
Repertory Grant Scheme
Scheme for the Award of Fellowship to outstanding persons in the field of Culture
Scheme for Scholarships to Young Artistes in different cultural fields
Tagore National Fellowship for Cultural Research
Maternity Benefit Programme
Inclusive Education for Disabled at Secondary Stage
National Means Cum Merit Scholarship
National Scheme For Incentive For The Girl Child For Secondary Education
Maulana Azad National Fellowship
Merit Cum Means Scholarship For Minorities
Post Matric Scholarship Scheme For Minorities
Pre Matric Scholarship Scheme For Minorities
Housing Subsidy To Beedi Workers
Housing Subsidy To Iron/Manganese/Chrome Ore Workers
Housing Subsidy To Lime Stone and Dolomite LSDM Workers
Rehabilitation Assistance
Scholarship To The Children of Lime Stone and Dolomite LSDM Workers
Scholarship To The Children of Beedi Workers
Scholarship To The Children of Cine Workers
Scholarship To The Children of Iron/Manganese/Chrome Ore Workers
Stipend to children in the special schools under the National Child Labour Project
Stipend to Differently Abled Candidates under Scheme of Vocational Rehabilitation Centre
Stipend To Trainees Under The Scheme Of Welfare Of SC/ST Job Seekers
Post-matric Scholarship for Persons with Disabilities
Pre-matric scholarship for Persons with disabilities
Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship for students
Scholarship for Top Class Education
Janani Suraksha Yojana
Aam Aadmi Bima Yojana
Life Insurance-linked with Jan Dhan Yojana
Assistance for procurement of modified scooter
Assistance for purchase of Tool Kits
Assistance for treatment of cancer and dialysis
Assistance for treatment of listed serious diseases
Interest subsidy on home loan upto max 1 lakh
Prime Minister Scholarship Scheme
Cash Transfer of Food Subsidy