2017 Indian Presidential Election - Election Commission of India(ECI)Announces the date of election Wednesday June 07,2017
Elections for India’s 15th President on July 17,2017
Presidential elections will be held on July 17 and counting on July 20, the Election Commission announced on Wednesday June 07,2017
Last date for nomination is June 28. If poll needed then it would be on July 17 and counting on July 20,2017 CEC Naseem Zaidi said.
President Pranab Mukhereje's term expires on July 25,2017
The BJP-led NDA government has reached the half-way mark with wins in Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh and have over 48.3% votes.
They need 1.7% votes to get their presidential candidate elected
How is Indian President elected: All you need to know
Who elects the president?
Article 54 of the Indian Constitution lays the guidelines about voters in a Presidential election.
“Election of President The President shall be elected by the members
of an electoral college consisting of the elected members of both Houses
of Parliament; and the elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of
the States,” Article 54 of Indian Constitution reads.
Let us understand this.
Unlike the Prime Ministerial election, where people vote for a
particular Lok Sabha candidate, the President is elected by people’s
representatives, i.e, Member of Parliaments and Member of Legislative
Assemblies of all states. The nominated members of Parliament,
Legislative Assemblies, and members of Legislative Council don’t vote in
the Presidential election Who is eligible to run for the President?
-A person who is 35 years of age
-An Indian National
-Must have a support of 50 MPs/MLAs (these can’t be nominated members)
-Must deposit Rs 15,000 as a security amount with the Reserve Bank of India (RBI)
-Must not hold any Office of Profit. (Any Constitutional position, which
may further give rise to a conflict of interests in discharging of
Article 55 of Indian Constitution lays the guidelines about the way Indian President is to be elected.
“The election of the President shall be held in accordance with the
system of proportional representation by means of the single
transferable vote and the voting at such election shall be by secret
ballot. Explanation in this article, the expression population means the
population ascertained at the last preceding census of which the
relevant figures have been published: Provided that the reference in
this Explanation to the last preceding Census of which the relevant
figures have been published shall, until the relevant figures for the
first census taken after the year 2000 have been published, be construed
as a reference to the 1971 Census,” article 55 reads.
Let us understand this in detail:
– Secret Vote: Unlike the voting for any Bill or any motion in
Parliament or state Assembly, secret voting is done to elect the
President (Nobody can ever come to know who voted for whom).
– Parties can’t issue a whip to their members: Since the Presidential
election is intended to be free and fair, and representatives are
supposed to exercise their free will, political parties are not allowed
to issue a whip to their members for voting.
– Vote value: Vote of each MP and MLA carries a certain value. In the
case of MLAs, the value is calculated by dividing total population of
the state by the number of elected members to the Legislative Assembly,
further divided by 1000. As of now, the value of each MLAs vote is
fixed. The population data is taken from the 1971 Census. For example,
the maximum vote value of an MLA is 208 (Uttar Pradesh), while the
minimum is 8 (Goa).
– In the case of an MP, the vote value is decided by dividing the
total value of votes of all MLAs of the whole country, divided by the
total number of elected MPs in Lower House (Lok Sabha) and Rajya Sabha
(Upper House). At present, the vote value of each MP is fixed at 708.
– Voting System: Unlike the conventional ballot voting, where the
voter polls only for a single candidate of his choice, the lawmakers
mark their preferences in the Presidential election. For example, if
three candidates A, B, and C, are in the fray, then an elected lawmaker
will vote according to his/her preference making her/his most preferred
candidate as the top choice and accordingly for the rest of the
candidates. It is mandatory for every lawmaker to mark his first
preference, otherwise the vote is deemed invalid. He or she, however,
can leave other preferences vacant.
Unlike the general election counting, where an MP or an MLA is
elected through ‘first past the post’ system, the winner in Presidential
election is declared on the basis of a quote which is obtained by
dividing the total number of valid votes by 2, and adding 1 to quotient
(total number of valid votes/2+1).
Let’s understand this in detail:
For example, if there are three candidates in the fray – A, B and, C
and 10 valid votes are casted. The winner in this case will require 10/2
+ 1 = 6 votes
Case 1: i) A gets 6 votes as 1st preference
i) A gets 6 votes as 1st preference
ii) B gets 3 votes as 1st preference
iii)C gets 1 votes as 1st preference
In this scenario, A will be declared as the winner for clearing the quota.
Case 2: i) A gets 5 votes as 1st preference
ii) B gets 3 votes as 1st preference
iii)C gets 2 votes as 1st preference
In this scenario, candidate C will get eliminated and the second
preference of the two voters, who opted for C as their first
preferences, would be added to the total first preference votes of the
remaining two candidates.
If A clears the quota at this stage, then s/he will become the
President. If not, the process would be repeated until one candidate
emerges as the clear winner by getting the required quota of votes