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Wednesday, April 19, 2017

World Liver Day - April 19

World Liver Day, commemorated on April 19 every year, is a chance to build awareness and understand how important the liver is for our body and how liver diseases can be effectively managed.

Liver is the second largest organ in the body and is a key player in our body’s digestive system. Everything we consume, including medicine, passes through the liver.
It fights infections, regulates blood sugar, removes toxins, controls cholesterol, making proteins and releases bile to help digestion. We cannot survive without the liver, it can be easily damaged if we don’t take proper care.
Symptoms of liver damage do not present themselves till very late. Diseases such as hepatitis A, B, C, Hepatocellular cancer and cirrhosis often occur because of bad lifestyle choices, excessive consumption of alcohol and drugs, continuous intake of unhealthy food over a long period of time, sedentary lifestyle and lack of exercise.
Causes for liver disease
  • Can be inherited or genetic
  • Unhealthy lifestyle and eating patterns
  • Hepatitis A, B and C infections
  • High intake of alcoholic drinks, high cholesterol foods
  • High BMI (body mass index), which is associated with Type 2 diabetes risk
  • Obesity

Symptoms of liver disease and liver cancer
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Decrease in appetite or a feeling of fullness after a small meal
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • General weakness and fatigue
  • Pain in upper abdomen (right side or near right shoulder blade)
  • Enlarged liver (hepatomegaly)
  • Enlarged spleen
  • Abdominal swelling (ascites)

Currently, there is no cure for a severely diseased liver and therefore it is critical to take care of this multi-functionary organ and gland. The only way to manage a failed liver is to get a liver transplant.
According to WHO, liver diseases are the 10th most common cause of death in India

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