As cases of glaucoma show a rising trend in India, opthalmologists blame smoking as one of the major reasons behind it.
Besides glaucoma, several other eye diseases, such as age related macular degeneration (AMD), can also be caused or aggravated due to smoking, but only 10-20 per cent people are aware of these facts, they said.
Stating that lifestyle matters a lot for eye-related diseases, the doctors said research papers have proved that smoking increases the risk of AMD and glaucoma
Glaucoma is a disease that damages eye's optic nerve, while AMD causes loss in the centre of the field of vision. In dry macular degeneration, the centre of the retina deteriorates. With wet macular degeneration, leaky blood vessels grow under the retina.
Age related macular degeneration (AMD) begins as a loss of central vision which makes it difficult to read and see fine details. Over time, vision loss increases significantly.
Some other types of eye-related problems caused by excessive smoking include cataract
"People, who smoke in excess like 10 cigarettes a day, have up to three times the risk of cataract as non-smokers.